M.Sc. B.A. Relate Cert C.C.
Registered Counsellor BACP & UKRC
Coast Road, Rhyl, LL18 3PL
07551 529 386
"Men are disturbed not by things but by the views which they take of them". (Epictetus)
Cognitive Behaviour Counselling / Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) holds that our interpretations of our experiences are hypotheses or beliefs rather than facts, and may be correct or incorrect to varying degrees. (Ellis 77)
In CBT the therapist will work to establish a collaborative relationship between themselves and the client(s) in order to problem solve together.
The therapist is straightforward & curious about client.
Client feedback is important and client independence is encouraged.
Worksheets / "homeworks" can help the client apply therapy to everyday life situations.
Tasks create an active part of therapy.
In cognitive behavioural counselling the therapist has a teaching role.
Homeworks will challenge the faulty thinking or unhelpful hypotheses, and help clients find evidence for alternate ways of thinking.
If emotions and behaviour are determined by thinking then emotional disorders result from negative and unrealistic thinking.
By altering this negative and unrealistic thinking emotional disturbance can be reduced (CBT).
We all experience Automatic Thoughts i.e. unplanned words images or memories.
Cognitive behaviour theory explores these underlying assumptions which guide our behaviour & expectations.
Unconscious, cross situational beliefs or rules "shoulds" and conditional beliefs "if. then..." can make life tricky.
Examples of some tricky beliefs that can cause difficulty are:
The therapist uses a series of questions to help client uncover alternative meanings... that ask the client to apply the new info to their original or stuck beliefs, to challenge the stuck thinking.
Five main areas are interconnected (Padesky): Our Thoughts, Moods, Behaviour, Biology and Environment.
Cognitive behaviour counselling teaches clients to identify, evaluate & change dysfunctional thinking patterns so therapeutic changes in mood & behaviour can occur...which help client change their environment.
This approach is very useful with behaviour change and current and future/goal focussed work.
It can be very helpful for one to one or individual counselling.
I am not a Cognitive Behavioural Therapist but will use some of the theory, strategies and techniques if this will be beneficial to clients.
Padesky C Greenberger 1995 Clinicians Guide to Mind over Mood Guilford Press New York
Padesky C Greenberger 1995 Mind over Mood Guilford Press New York
Trower Casey Dryden Cognitive Behavioural Counselling in Action